questionnaire n : a form containing a set of questions; submitted to people to gain statistical information
- Croatian: anketni listić
- Czech: dotazník
- Finnish: kyselylomake, kyselykaavake
- French: questionnaire
- German: Fragebogen
- Italian: questionario
- Japanese: アンケート
- Polish: ankieta, kwestionariusz
A questionnaire is a research instrument consisting of a series of questions and other prompts for the purpose of gathering information from respondents. Although they are often designed for statistical analysis of the responses, this is not always the case. The questionnaire was invented by Sir Francis Galton.
Questionnaires are used by sociologists, positivists prefer closed questions.
Questionnaires have advantages over some other types of surveys in that they are cheap, do not require as much effort from the questioner as verbal or telephone surveys, and often have standardized answers that make it simple to compile data. However, such standardized answers may frustrate users. Questionnaires are also sharply limited by the fact that respondents must be able to read the questions and respond to them. Thus, for some demographic groups conducting a survey by questionnaire may not be practical.
As a type of survey, questionnaires also have many of the same problems relating to question construction and wording that exist in other types of opinion polls.
questionnaire in Arabic: استبيان
questionnaire in German: Fragebogen
questionnaire in French: Questionnaire
questionnaire in Hebrew: שאלון
questionnaire in Lithuanian: Klausimynas
questionnaire in Japanese: アンケート
questionnaire in Polish: Kwestionariusz
questionnaire in Portuguese: Questionário
questionnaire in Russian: Метод анкетирования
questionnaire in Serbian: Анкета
questionnaire in Swedish: Enkät
questionnaire in Ukrainian: Анкетування
questionnaire in Chinese: 問卷調查
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